The Peculiar Story of the Schizophrenic and the Shaman
If my devils are to leave me, I am afraid my angels will take flight as well. René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke (4 December – 29 December. “Don't take my devils away, because my angels may flee, too.” The author Stephen Mitchell, who translated many of Rilke's works, put it this. Rainer Maria Rilke — 'Don't take my devils away, because my angels may flee too.'.
During the last few weeks before his death from leukemia, he had cards printed to say that he regretted that he was forced by his illness to neglect his correspondence.
Rainer Maria Rilke: "If my devils are to leave me, I" - Quodid
The cards were sent to more than people. Several volumes of Rilke's letters are in print in English, and at least two can be considered classics: Snow is a highly regarded translator of Rilke's poetry and Mr. Winkler is his colleague at Rice University in Houston. Their translation is immensely readable and the book is a significant piece of scholarship.
Rilke left no thought, no impression, no vagrant sensation unexpressed. He had to write it down, had to tell her, or whoever his recipient was, everything. He desired "that my mouth,when it has become a great river, may one day flow into you, into your listening and the great stillness of your opened depths.
She was a novelist, a dramatist, a literary critic, a student of philosophy, and finally one of the first women, at the age of 50, to become a psychoanalyst.
Freud referred to her as an "understander par excellence. She declined, yet she did live in a kind of menage a trois with Nietzsche and Paul Ree, a philosopher of morals. A menage of trois minds, one must suppose. Nietzsche even thought for a while she would become his philosophical heir. Lou, as she is referred to throughout the book, was an early feminist and lived a life untrammeled by convention. She was strongly opposed to marriage, though she remained married to her husband Carl Friedrich Andreas, for 43 years, on the condition that they abstain from sex.
Lou, meanwhile, engaged in numerous extramarital relationships, one of which was with Rilke. When they met in May ofhe was 21 and she was 15 years his senior. For the next four years they spent nearly every day together. It was Lou who persuaded Rilke to change his name from Rene to the more masculine and more German sounding Rainer. They traveled to Russia together twice and met Tolstoy.
They shared a love of Russian literature. Lou, a Baltic German, was born in St. But after four years of what Messrs.
13 best RILKE images on Pinterest in | Words, Poetry and Rilke quotes
Snow and Winkler refer to as his "morbidly monopolizing fixation on her," she had had enough and longed for nothing so much as quiet and, as she put it, "more being by myself, the way it was until four years ago. Rilke's impending marriage to Clara Westhoff, whom he had met at the artist's colony at Worpswede near Bremen, further aided the breakup.
Yet their mutual fascination did not end, and, though there is a hint of the romantic and the erotic in their letters, she became for him a kind of guide through life, a mother figure.
Rilke proved to be a poor husband to Westhoff and father to their daughter, Ruth. He left them when he became secretary to Auguste Rodin, and they never lived together again. His relationships with women followed a pattern: He fell deeply in love, wrote passionate letters and poetry, and then, when they became too close, he left them and embraced his solitude, asking them to do the same.
Dick and his son tried a variety of treatments over 15 years, some more effective than others. He now believes Frank might be a shaman.
The Art Between Devils and Angels
Certain structures and regions in the brain are thought to be particularly important in constructing our sense of self. One is the meeting place between the two middle lobes of the brain: When the TPJ is altered or disturbed, putting oneself together becomes difficult and sometimes painful.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder, characterized by extreme preoccupation with imagined physical defects, is thought to arise from faulty TPJ interplay. It affects theory of mind; schizophrenic patients often believe that others harbor animosity toward them, and when they perform mental tasks related to theory of mind, their TPJ activity either spikes or crashes.
Researchers have induced the kind of ghostly visions and out-of-body experiences that some schizophrenics experience, simply by stimulating the TPJ with electrodes. Keshavan, a psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School and an expert on schizophrenia.
And yet, ironically, people with schizophrenia need others just as much as socially capable people do, if not more. Casualties of the Korean War, the men were in bad shape.
They believe they are many people at once, and see motive and meaning everywhere. As difficult as they may be to live with, these perceptual distortions can make schizophrenic people more creative. Schizophrenics tend to see themselves as more imaginative than others, and to embark on more artistic projects. Whereas we find a thick, if translucent, barrier between self and other, he was often without even the thinnest differentiating membrane.
He draws, paints, and welds. He composes long poems about god and racial tension, and has won numerous awards for his poetry at school. He spent the 10 years following his initial diagnosis mostly isolated, largely incapable of forming long-lasting relationships or joining group activities.
That was before they met Malidoma Patrice Some. Malidoma Patrice Some sees himself as a titiyulo or a shaman. He believes belonging to a community is a vital aspect of controlling symptoms commonly associated with schizophrenia. A diagnosis of schizophrenia considers the combination of five symptoms, as well as their impact and duration: Adding to the complexity, schizophrenia looks different across cultures.
In India, about half of people diagnosed with schizophrenia are able to hold down jobs, compared to only 15 percent in the U. Other variables in developing countries can, at times, complicate this dichotomy—for instance, the relative scarcity of medication, and other cultural factors such as stigma. For that reason, schizophrenia tends to be highly disabling [in individualistic countries].
Outcomes across cultures may also be affected by differences in the patients themselves. But in Chinese participants, the TPJ also activated when they thought about themselves.
In Danish people, their medial prefrontal cortex, which the researchers used to measure the degree of self-reflection, lit up more than in the Chinese participants.
Born into the Dagara tribe in Burkina Faso, he is the grandson of a renowned healer, who travels around the world but is based in the U. He travels the country doing rituals and consultations, writing books, and giving speeches. For most of his 20s, Frank lived in group homes. His favorite, called Earth House, was a privately owned home, and far more structured than his other group homes. It offered classes, provided leadership opportunities, and fostered a loving, caring environment.Angels and Devils (Mini Movie) Gachaverse
Frank made close friends and acted in plays. For the first time since Frank fell ill, his life was full of friends and purpose. Both shamans and schizophrenic people believe they have magical abilities, hear voices, and have out-of-body experiences. They were also less likely to feel ashamed of themselves.
Similar results have been found in the U.
“Don't take my devils away, because my angels may flee too.”
But for Frank and Dick, there was a problem. It was around then, inthat Dick decided to seek out Malidoma; first speaking with him over the telephone, and then meeting with him in Ojai, a small town outside of Los Angeles; then, a year later, meeting him in Jamaica, this time bringing Frank along.
He also believes that one cannot choose to become a titiyulo: It happens to you. Later in life, Frank found solace by expressing himself through art. On the left, he drums in Jamaica. On the right, one of his paintings. Courtesy of Dick Russell When this happens, the Dagara people begin a collective effort to heal the broken-down person; one marked by loud rituals involving dancing and cheering and with an underlying current of celebration.
Malidoma remembers watching his sister go through it. He believes this is what happened to Frank. No longer simply a madman, he is a painter and a poet, a traveler and a friend. Malidoma is not the first person to posit a link between shamanism and schizophrenia.
There, Polimeni noted several connections: Shamans become shamans in their late teens to early 20s, about the same age range that schizophrenia is typically diagnosed in men.
Both schizophrenics and shamans are more commonly male than female.