Erica's Interpersonal Relations class: Week 5, Unit 4: Language
0, No. 0, Article 0, Publication date: In the light of the distinction between constitutive and regulative rules, this work analyzes alternative .. commitment- based semantics for the speech acts of agent communication languages, like FIPA. representation of regulative rules, the imperatives that the industry is asked to format: besides SBVR being designed for human-to-human communication It is necessary that date counts as start date in rule or source. They are usually contrasted to regulative rules: constitutive rules (such as the use language with other people, and, in a limiting case, to communicate with.
Body Movement Question type: While Shawn is talking to a colleague about firings in the department, he notices his coworker wringing her hands and fidgeting quite a bit, so he changes the subject. Trying to keep a blank expression when hearing bad news would be an example of a. Facial Behavior Question type: Aaron is playing a game of poker with his friends when he gets a really good hand.
He wants to bait his opponent to make a bet, so he puts a sad look on his face to indicate he doesn't like his hand. Aaron is using the strategy of a. Haptics Learning objective number: Why is touch such an important nonverbal code? It is the most commonly used code. Touching is a taboo code in many cultures.
Regulative And Constitutive Communication Rules Dating, Discouraged And Subject To Removal:
Touch conveys a great deal of information about our personality. Touch is the most powerful and misunderstood code. Judy notices her coworkers slouching when they are in meetings. Her coworkers are communicating through their behavior. Monica is proud of a new tattoo she just had done on her wrist and has been showing her new ink to her friends at work.
She is communicating with the use of a n a. Physical Appearance Question type: The process of understanding our experiences and the experiences of others through the use of verbal and nonverbal messages is known as a.
Regulative and constitutive communication rules dating. Coordinated management of meaning
Joel's team was given a project that included the due date, meeting times, and people involved in the project. This information forms the a. The constructed or natural surroundings that influence your communicative decisions, attitude, and mood are termed the a.
Success in productivity and sales has been linked to a. Journalism and Television Broadcasting Question type: What criteria do patients often use when selecting physicians? Medical Professions Question type: The level of performance and perceived satisfaction teachers receives from their students is largely influenced by a.
The theory also says that higher levels of uncertainty create distance between people and that non-verbal expressiveness tends to help reduce uncertainty. Underlying assumptions include that an individual will cognitively process the existence of uncertainty and take steps to reduce it.
The boundary conditions for this theory are that there must be some kind of outside social situation trigger and internal cognitive process. According to the theory, we reduce uncertainty in three ways: Uncertainty Reduction Theory is most applicable to the initial interaction context, and in response to this limited context, scholars have extended the uncertainty framework with theories that describe uncertainty manangementmore broadly, and motivated information management.
These subsequent theories give a broader conceptualization of how uncertainty operates in interpersonal communication as well as how uncertainty motivates individuals to seek information. Social exchange theory[ edit ] Main article: Social exchange theory Social exchange theory falls under the symbolic interaction perspective. The theory predicts, explains, and describes when and why people reveal certain information about themselves to others.
The social exchange theory uses Thibaut and Kelley's theory of interdependence. Social exchange theory argues the major force in interpersonal relationships is the satisfaction of both people's self-interest. Theorists say self-interest is not necessarily a bad thing and that it can actually enhance relationships. You will reveal information about yourself when the cost-rewards ratio is acceptable to you.
As long as rewards continue to outweigh costs, a couple will become increasingly intimate by sharing more and more personal information. The constructs of this theory include discloser, relational expectations, and perceived rewards or costs in the relationship.
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Levingerdiscussed marital success as dependent on all the rewarding things within the relationship, such as emotional security and sexual fulfillment. He also argued that marriages either succeed or fail based on the barriers to leave the relationship, like financial hardships, and the presence of alternative attractions, like infidelity. Levinger stated that marriages will fail when the attractions of the partners lessen, the barriers to leave the spouse are weak, and the alternatives outside of the relationship are appealing.
The boundary conditions for this theory are that at least two people must be having some type of interaction. Social exchange also ties in closely with social penetration theory. Symbolic interaction Symbolic interaction comes from the sociocultural perspective in that it relies on the creation of shared meaning through interactions with others.
This theory focuses on the ways in which people form meaning and structure in society through interactions. People are motivated to act based on the meanings they assign to people, things, and events. When people interact over time, they come to shared meaning for certain terms and actions and thus come to understand events in particular ways. There are three main concepts in this theory: Society Social acts which create meaning involve an initial gesture from one individual, a response to that gesture from another and a result.
Self Self-image comes from interaction with others based on others perceptions. A person makes sense of the world and defines their "self" through social interactions.
Mind Your ability to use significant symbols to respond to yourself makes thinking possible. You define objects in terms of how you might react to them. Objects become what they are through our symbolic minding process. An underlying assumption for this theory is that meaning and social reality are shaped from interactions with others and that some kind of shared meaning is reached.
The boundary conditions for this theory are there must be numerous people communicating and interacting and thus assigning meaning to situations or objects. Relational dialectics theory[ edit ] Main article: Relational dialectics A dialectical approach to interpersonal communication was developed by scholars Leslie Baxter and Barbara Montgomery.
Their dialectical approach revolves around the notions of contradiction, change, praxis, and totality. Influenced by Hegel, Marx, and Bakhtin, the dialectical approach is informed by an epistemology that refers to a method of reasoning by which one searches for understanding through the tension of opposing arguments.
Utilizing the dialectical approach, Baxter and Montgomery developed two types of dialectics that function in interpersonal relationships: These include autonomy-connection, novelty-predictability, openness-closedness.
In order to understand relational dialectics theory, we must first understand specifically what encompasses the term discourse.
Interpersonal communication - Wikipedia
Therefore, discourses are "systems of meaning that are uttered whenever we make intelligible utterances aloud with others or in our heads when we hold internal conversations". However, it also shows how the meanings within our conversations may be interpreted, understood, and of course misunderstood. Numerous examples of this can be seen in the daily communicative acts we participate in.
However, dialectical tensions within our discourses can most likely be seen in interpersonal communication due to the close nature of interpersonal relationships. The well known proverb "opposites attract, but birds of a feather flock together" exemplifies these dialectical tensions. These consist of connectedness and separateness, certainty and uncertainty, and openness and closedness. Connectedness and separateness[ edit ] Most individuals naturally desire to have a close bond in the interpersonal relationships we are a part of.
However, it is also assumed that no relationship can be enduring without the individuals involved within it also having their time alone to themselves.
In a sentence, there will be a proposition and a force indicator that are grounded in the grammar of the sentence. Force can be indicated by word order, stress, intonation, punctuation, etc. Searle embraces a modified Gricean account of meaning. Grice argues that the meaning of something like an utterance is grounded in the intentions of the speaker; Searle accepts that, but insists that meaning is also a matter of convention.
Further, if the words are used literally, he intends this recognition to be achieved in virtue of the conventional connection between the sentence and that effect. The Conditions on Promising: Normal input and output conditions obtain. S expresses that p in his utterance of T. In expressing that p, S predicates a future act A of S. Distinguishes this from threats.
It is not obvious to both S and H that S will do A in the normal course of events. Relevance Conditionthis and 4 are the Preparatory Conditions 6.