Relationships between nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and government agencies have been variously described in the nonprofit literature as. CrossRef citations to date. 0 The relationship between the government and NGOs in the area of development cooperation is essentially a partnership. BSR created this position to deepen relationships with civil society and foster types of NGOs that enjoyed support from northern governments and unfettered about the overall impact of NGO-company partnerships to date.
The NGOs have employed 1 health personnel, established 44 health centres and manage and support 83 health facilities across the State. The problem that faces the government in future is how health facilities will be run should a peaceful settlement be reached and NGOs leave the region.
Government, NGOs, Collaboration, Curative health, North Darfur State, Sudan Introduction North Darfur State is located in western Sudan and is divided into 15 districts and inhabited by 2 people, according to information gathered from the census of 1. North Darfur State is considered to be one of the weakest states in Sudan due to its lack of human, financial and natural resources.
Since when conflict between the government and rebels groups started in the State, a shortage of both government and private sector health facilities has come about to serve the people who have been affected by conflict. The number of people thus affected is estimated to be about 1. These people are living in camps in the vicinity of large towns such as El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur State. They live in poor conditions, suffer ing outbreaks of disease, with malaria and diarrhea a constant threat 3.
The federal and state governments are responsible for providing basic health services. The State Ministry of Health runs an extensive network of hospitals, rural hospitals, clinics and dispensaries, but the services suffer from shortages of human and financial resources and equipment to deliver curative health services.
Furthermore, people face difficulties in accessing health services, especially in rural and conflict-affected areas. The State Ministry of Health needs assistance from NGOs and other stakeholders to become involved in financing and delivering curative health services. This situation has led international Non-Governmental Organizations NGOs to intervene and take responsibility for providing most of the curative health services in North Darfur State 4. These organisations concentrate their efforts on urban areas because of their lack of capacity.
The range of activities carried out by NGOs extends from providing hospitals, clinics and primary health care centers, to providing free consultation and drugs. NGOs contribute to curative health service delivery by providing human and financial resources, materials and equipment, sharing information, developing joint projects with government, and developing national health policy, as well as creating joint committees with government.
Firstly, NGOs act as implementers in that they mobilize resources in order to provide goods and services to people who are suffering due to a man-made disaster or a natural disaster.
Secondly, NGOs act as catalysts in that they drive change. They have the ability to 'inspire, facilitate, or contribute to improved thinking and action to promote change'.
Lastly, NGOs often act as partners alongside other organizations in order to tackle problems and address human needs more effectively. Some act primarily as lobbyists, while others primarily conduct programs and activities. For instance, an NGO such as Oxfamconcerned with poverty alleviation, may provide needy people with the equipment and skills to find food and clean drinking waterwhereas an NGO like the FFDA helps through investigation and documentation of human rights[ citation needed ] violations and provides legal assistance to victims of human rights abuses.
Others, such as the Afghanistan Information Management Servicesprovide specialized technical products and services to support development activities implemented on the ground by other organizations. Operational[ edit ] Operational NGOs seek to "achieve small-scale change directly through projects".
Non-governmental organization - Wikipedia
They hold large-scale fundraising events and may apply to governments and organizations for grants or contracts to raise money for projects. They often operate in a hierarchical structure; a main headquarters being staffed by professionals who plan projects, create budgets, keep accounts, and report and communicate with operational fieldworkers who work directly on projects.
Operational NGOs can be further categorized by the division into relief-oriented versus development-oriented organizations; according to whether they stress service delivery or participation; whether they are religious or secular; and whether they are more public- or private-oriented.
Although operational NGOs can be community-based, many are national or international. The defining activity of operational NGOs is the implementation of projects. They must plan and host demonstrations and events that will keep their cause in the media. They must maintain a large informed network of supporters who can be mobilized for events to garner media attention and influence policy changes. The defining activity of campaigning NGOs is holding demonstrations.
The primary purpose of an Advocacy NGO is to defend or promote a specific cause. As opposed to operational project management, these organizations typically try to raise awareness, acceptance and knowledge by lobbying, press work and activist event. Many times, operational NGOs will use campaigning techniques if they continually face the same issues in the field that could be remedied through policy changes.
At the same time, Campaigning NGOs, like human rights organizations often have programs that assist the individual victims they are trying to help through their advocacy work.
Foundations and charities use sophisticated public relations campaigns to raise funds and employ standard lobbying techniques with governments. Interest groups may be of political importance because of their ability to influence social and political outcomes.
Project management[ edit ] There is an increasing awareness that management techniques are crucial to project success in non-governmental organizations. They address varieties of issues such as religion, emergency aid, or humanitarian affairs. They mobilize public support and voluntary contributions for aid; they often have strong links with community groups in developing countries, and they often work in areas where government-to-government aid is not possible.
NGOs are accepted as a part of the international relations landscape, and while they influence national and multilateral policy-making, increasingly they are more directly involved in local action. Staffing[ edit ] Some NGOs are highly professionalized and rely mainly on paid staff.
Others are based around voluntary labour and are less formalized.
Not all people working for non-governmental organizations are volunteers. Many NGOs are associated with the use of international staff working in 'developing' countries, but there are many NGOs in both North and South who rely on local employees or volunteers.
There is some dispute as to whether expatriates should be sent to developing countries. Frequently this type of personnel is employed to satisfy a donor who wants to see the supported project managed by someone from an industrialized country. However, the expertise of these employees or volunteers may be counterbalanced by a number of factors: The amount of money that each requires varies depending upon multiple factors, including the size of the operation and the extent of the services provided.